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What Do You Need For Tufting

What Do You Need for Tufting: Essential Materials & Tools

Tufting is a method of fastening or weaving fabrics to create cushions and other upholstered items. It often adorns furniture pieces with a tufted buttoned-up look, but it is possible to tuft anything from pillows to pet beds. If you’re wondering what you need for tufting, we’ve put together this comprehensive overview of everything you’ll need to get started. Learn about the necessary threads, materials, tools, and supplies along with helpful tips on each item to turn you into an upholstery pro in no time.

What Is Tufting?

Tufting is a sewing technique where fabric is decorated with loops of thread. This technique uses two needles, thread and a tufting gun to create a design on upholstery, wall-hangings and flooring materials. This type of needlework began in the 16th century, but it has been gaining momentum and continuing to grow in popularity for hundreds of years.

The tufting process includes threading the needle with a sturdy but fine thread, then pushing it through the fabric. Pulling it around the tufting gun and back through the fabric, a small loop is created and secured through a few tight stitches. These loops of thread spread across the fabric like a dot pattern and can create intricate shapes as the needles are moved around the fabric.

Tufting is an effective way to add elegance and style to furniture, upholstery and other fabrics, as the finished piece often looks more expensive and well-crafted. Different kinds of threads can be used to form shapes, pictures, and symbols that can spice up a room. The possibilities for design are endless, and the technique is often used for decorative purposes such as making wall hangings and cushions.

What Supplies Are Necessary for Tufting?

Threads are the most essential and visible of the supplies needed for tufting. They are the material that creates the loops and shapes that define the tufted design. Threads come in many different fibers, ranging from nylon and polyester to wool, to mohair and linen. Each type of thread has its own advantages and disadvantages. Nylon thread is strong, stain-resistant and is easy to clean, but it’s also less durable than other fibers. Wool is also strong, creates vivid color, and is extremely durable, but it’s also on the expensive side.

Next, canvas or material of some kind, is necessary for tufting. Different types of canvas can be used, including heavy-duty cotton, synthetic, and natural fibers such as jute, sisal, and hemp. This material should be a solid color and of a mid-weight for most tufting projects. It’s important to use the canvas in the same direction, such as grain-on-grain, so that the tufts will be consistent.

Using needles is one of the main steps in tufting. There are different types of needles for different types of thread. For example, for a thicker thread, you might use a size 9 or 10 tufting needle. The needle should be strong and have a relatively large eye, so that it can accommodate large-ply thread or bulky material.

A spool or shuttle is used to wind the thread and help the tufting process. The shuttle holds the needle in place, while allowing you to wind and control the thread with one hand. The shuttles come in many different sizes, depending on the type of fabric used.

Last but not least, you will need padding or batting to cover the tufted area and make it comfortable. The padding is placed over the canvas once the tufting is complete, and is secured using staples or tacks. A variety of types of padding can be used, including foam, batting, and down. The type of padding used depends upon the type of project, the overall look of the piece, and the amount of comfort desired.


When it comes to tufting, the type of thread you use is very important. Polyester thread is strong and durable and is a great choice for tufting furniture. Cotton thread, on the other hand, is a bit softer than polyester, but is not as strong and therefore not typically recommended for tufting. You can also use heavy-duty threads such as Nylon-Core™ or Gima® Thread, depending on your specific tufting needs.

No matter what type of thread you use, you will want to make sure you have enough for your project. An average upholstery tufting project usually requires anywhere from 200 to 600 yards of thread, depending on the size and complexity of the design. The more colors and patterns you use, the more thread you will need. If you don’t have enough, you could always buy some spools from your local fabric store.

You should also bear in mind that the color and thickness of thread you choose may affect the overall look of your piece. To ensure your finished product is exactly what you had envisioned, you may want to practice on some scrap fabric first. This will allow you to better understand how the colors and textures of the thread work together to create the desired look.

Finally, you’ll want to make sure you use a good quality thread so that your tufted upholstery will hold up over time. Cheap thread may look fine initially, but it can quickly start to fray and unravel if exposed to a lot of wear and tear. Investing in a higher quality thread will ultimately save you time and money in the long run.

Canvas or Material

Canvas or material is an important part of tufting and it needs to be carefully chosen for your specific project. Different materials will have different effects on the finished product. Natural fibers like cotton and linen are popular, but wool and synthetic materials are also available. Depending on the look you are going for, one choice might be better suited than another. If you are wanting a more formal look, leather or velvet may be the best option, while canvas can work better for a more casual look.

It is important to consider the weight of the material as well. Heavier fabrics will be more durable and last longer, while lighter fabrics can be easier to cut and manipulate. If you are using a thicker fabric, you will also need larger needles and more patience when tufting. If you are concerned about the cost, remember there are usually cheaper alternatives to high-end fabrics, such as blending cotton and linen or using a synthetic material.

When selecting the fabric, be sure to pay attention to the pattern or nap. Smooth or one-directional materials will be easier to work with than materials with a busy print or a pile that runs in different directions. Be aware of color as well – some materials can be very difficult to dye or stain, so be sure to check the label before mixing or matching colors.

Finally, be sure to purchase enough fabric to complete the project. Measure out the area you are tufting and be sure to add a few inches to the measurements in order to give yourself some extra cushioning. This will ensure that you have enough material to complete the entire project without having to make any last minute trips to the store.


Needles are an essential supply needed for tufting. They are one of the most important part of the tufting process. The needle used for tufting is not the same as a sewing needle and must be specific to the type of tufting. When selecting a needle, it is important to consider the thread used, the material being tufted, and the desired tension of the tufting.

The most common type of needle is the heavy-tipped tufting needle. This type of needle can be used to both hand-tuft and machine-tuft fabrics. The heavy tip of the needle creates knots, giving a finished tufted product. The lead or end of the needle must be angled to make tufting efficient and successful.

Other types of needles that can be used in tufting include flat-tipped needles, round-tipped needles, twisted-tipped needles, and loop-tipped needles. Each of these types of needles serves a different purpose and should be chosen based on the individual project requirements. The size of the tufting needle should also be considered when choosing the right one for the job. Different fabrics require different sizes of tufting needles for the best results.

No matter which type of tufting needle is chosen, it is important to inspect it carefully. Make sure the needle is in good condition and that the tips are properly angled. This helps ensure a successful tufting project that yields a beautiful, professionally finished product.

Spool or Shuttle

When it comes to the spool or shuttle needed for tufting, it is important to understand the difference between the two. The spool is primarily used for threading or carrying the tufting threads. It is basically a large bobbin, which makes it easy to store the yarn or thread it is used for. The spool is also useful for ensuring even tension throughout the tufting process.

On the other hand, a shuttle looks similar to a thick spool. It is mainly used for gathering tufting threads from one side of the material to the other, forming the tuft. This is done by winding the shuttle along the width of the material, which creates the tufting pattern. The shuttle also helps to keep the tension even throughout the project.

In order to ensure that the tufting process is successful, it is important to select the spool or shuttle that best suits the specific needs of the project. If a person is working on a large-scale project, a shuttle might be the better choice since it can hold more thread or yarn. If a person is only doing a small project, a spool might be enough to do the job.

There are a variety of sizes and materials available for shuttles and spools, including plastic, wood and metal. It is important to select the material that best suits the needs of the project and to determine if more than one shuttle or spool is required. It is also important to consider how the threads will be wound onto the shuttle or spool before the project begins.

Choosing the correct spool or shuttle is an important part of the tufting process and can help to ensure a successful project. With the right knowledge and supplies, tufting projects can be enjoyable and successful every time.

Padding or Batting

Padding or batting is an essential part of tufting. Batting, also referred to as stuffing, is a central component that supports the surface of the project and can provide cushioning and insulation. There are various choices of batting available including cotton, wool, bamboo or synthetic materials. Depending on the type of project, the choice of batting can greatly affect the density and texture of the finished surface.

In many cases, the type of batting chosen can also affect the color of the fabric; natural fibers, such as cotton and wool, absorb dye differently than synthetic options. If a softer or plusher surface is desired, higher loft batting may be used; however if a stiffer surface is desired, lower loft batting should be selected. When using a low loft batting, the tufts will sink more deeply into the surface and need to be secured more firmly.

When choosing batting for tufting, it is important to consider the intended purpose of the project. If the project is to be used primarily for comfort or warmth, then a higher loft batting and a soft fiber such as cotton or wool should be selected. Conversely, if the project is to be used primarily for a decorative purpose, then a low loft batting and a synthetic fiber may suffice.

Other Supplies

Other supplies needed to successfully tuft a piece of furniture include different colors of thread, decorative pins, and other embellishments. Thread comes in a wide range of colors and shades, making it an important consideration in a successful tufting project. There is no need to buy thread specifically for tufting, as embroidery thread or any other type of thread can be used instead. Decorative pins can also be used to hold the fabric in place while tufting, and they come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes.

Finally, other embellishments such as buttons, beads, and tassels can be used to enhance the tufting project. These can be used to add a touch of personality to the finished product, allowing the creator to make the furniture piece truly their own. Additionally, these embellishments can hide any mistakes that the creator may have made while tufting, adding an element of surprise and individuality to the furniture piece.

What Tools Are Necessary for Tufting?

When tufting or upholstering, having the right tools on hand can make all the difference. If you plan on tufting a piece of furniture, there are several specialized tools you need to make the job look professional.

The buttonhole cutter is the most common tool for making tufts. This tool has two pieces separated by a handle and wheel that cuts the fabric located between them. The fabric is then folded and pushed through the wheel as the piece is cut. A buttonhole cutter will give you consistent and even holes.

Using cutters and strap cutters is another way to create tufts. These tools easily slice through straps or piping, making them quick and easy to use. Needle threaders are also helpful in tufting, as they help securely thread through the needle to give the tuft its shape.

Punch needles are also very useful when tufting, as they help to quickly sew in the tufting loops. The needles should be held vertically, and the user must pull back the material as the needle pushes through. Upholstery brushes are helpful for pushing up any fabric that is loosened from too much tufting.

Hammers are also necessary when tufting. They are used to secure the tufting loop knots, as well as for attaching fabric to frames. Other tools may be needed depending on the specific project such as tweezers, pliers, scissors and awls.

No matter what kind of tufting project you are working on, having the right tools on hand can make it go smoother and faster. Tufting is an art form and having the right tools gives you the best chance of creating a beautiful and functional piece of art.

Buttonhole Cutter

A buttonhole cutter is one of the tools necessary for tufting projects. Used mainly for cutting decorative buttonholes in fabric, the buttonhole cutter makes it a lot easier to accurately place and size the buttonholes for a professional-looking finish. The cutter is suitable for both light and heavy fabric, making it very versatile. It is also a great time saver, enabling you to make precise buttonholes in minutes.

The blade of the buttonhole cutter is usually made from stainless steel, making it more durable and resistant to corrosion. It is typically composed of two parts: a handle and a cutting blade. The handle has grooves for an easier and more secure grip, and the cutting blade is tapered and angled for easy cutting. They come in various sizes and you may want to buy multiple sizes depending on your project.

To use the buttonhole cutter, simply slide the blade through the fabric and twist the handle until the holes are properly sized. For detailed instructions on how to use a buttonhole cutter, it is always advisable to consult the manufacturer’s instructions. Then, simply make the buttonholes to the desired shape and size, making sure that you measure accurately.

Careful when cutting, as the blade is sharp and can easily damage the fabric. Make sure to keep the blade sharp and replace it once it becomes dull, to ensure your buttonholes are perfectly cut.

Overall, the buttonhole cutter is an essential tool in any tufting project. It is efficient, accurate and ensures a professional finish. With a bit of practice and guidance, you can master the art of making beautiful buttonholes in no time.

Cutters and Strap Cutters

Cutters and Strap Cutters are essential for tufting projects. They are used to trim the excess material from the tufting project and help to achieve a clean, professional-looking finish. Cutting tools have blades that come in various sizes and shapes, making them suitable for different types of tufting projects. Strap cutters are often used to cut straps or strings used in tufting projects. They have a blade with a curved tip that is designed to easily cut through thick straps or strings. Strap cutters come in a variety of sizes, making them suitable for any project.

It’s important for a tufting project to be perfectly neat and precise, and the use of cutters and strap cutters helps to accomplish that. Sharp blades are necessary for cutting and trimming the fabric with minimal stretching or fraying. It’s also important to measure accurately and use cutting guides – such as rulers, T-squares, and special tufting templates – to ensure everything stays correctly aligned before making a cut.

Using cutters and strap cutters is also useful for making buttonholes and all other decorative elements. They are ideal for precision cutting through thick or dense material, which is often necessary when creating intricate designs or shapes. Cutters and strap cutters are also handy for creating tight corners, perfect curves, and precise angles, as well as creating clean, even edges.

Finally, cutters and strap cutters are also extremely useful when creating doorways, heart-shaped patterns, or repairing holes in tufted projects. As with any tufting project, it’s important to use the right tools to ensure the best possible outcome. With the right cutters and strap cutters, you’ll be able to create a beautiful and high-quality tufted project.

Needle Threaders

Needle threaders are a must-have item when it comes to tufting. These tools allow you to easily and quickly thread needles when doing intricate tufting. As most experienced tufters will tell you, one of the biggest frustrations when doing tufting is having to thread a needle again and again. A needle threader will save you time and frustration, and is essential when doing elaborate tuft patterns.

The best needle threaders are metal, and come with a sharp end and a looped end. The sharp end is inserted into the eye of the needle, while the looped end holds the thread. Once the needle is through the threader, simply pull the loose ends of the thread through the loop. You can then attach the thread to the needle and use as normal.

There are also plastic needle threaders available, which are great for beginner and intermediate tufters. These are not as long-lasting as metal needle threaders, but still make the process of threading needles easier.

Having the right tools is essential for successful tufting, and needle threaders are an indispensable part of any tufter’s arsenal. With the right needle threader, you can speed up the task of threading your needles and have more time to focus on the details of your tufting project.

Punch Needles

Punch needles are one of the essential tools for tufting. Punch needles come in a range of sizes and lengths to suit the job. It’s essential to use the correct size and length to ensure the most efficient and successful tufting process. The punch needle is used to secure the threads in the fabric and to form tufts. It works by creating a loop of thread which is secured in the fabric. When used in tufting, the loop of thread is secured first in the fabric, and then the thread is pulled through the loop. This creates a tuft in the fabric which can then be secured further with ties or a buttonhole. The punch needle also allows for a large range of design options by offering different sizes and lengths. The tool can also be used to create detailed patterns in the fabric, as the needle is able to ‘punch’ through the fabric to create a hole. Although punch needles provide a variety of design options, it is important to take the correct precautions when using them, as the needle can easily become blunt or damaged if not looked after properly. It is essential to use the correct techniques when using a punch needle to ensure the fabric is not damaged and the tufting is secure.

Upholstery Brushes

Upholstery brushes are an invaluable tool when it comes to tufting. These tools help create clean and even tufts that will look stunning when finished. They come in all shapes and sizes, and can be used on different fabrics, such as velvet, plastic, and leather. The bristles of the brush should be soft and flexible, as this will make it easier to work with the fabric and create a smooth finish.

When tufting, the tufting brush should be used to curl, shape, and fan out the fabric. This will create a unique look, and will make it easier to create the cleanest, most professional-looking tufts. With practice, the fabric can be tucked down into the tufting needle without any snags or tears. It’s important to also use the brush to soften and smooth the fabric before the tufting needle is inserted, as this helps create an even and uniform finish.

In addition to tufting, the brush can be used to clean and care for upholstery fabrics. This is especially important if the fabric is delicate or has not been treated with a preservative. The brush can help remove dirt and dust, and can be used to gently smooth any rough patches. The bristles should be gentle and not tear or fray the material.

Upholstery brushes are an essential tool in any tufting project. With the right brush and a bit of practice, you can create stunning tufts that will look great on any interior design.


Hammers are a necessary tool when tufting furniture upholstery. They provide a quick and efficient way to securely attach material to frames or other substrates. A hammer lifts and taps the material firmly in place with a few quick strokes. Hammers are also generally easier and faster to use than nails when tufting.

Beginners often use standard claw hammers, which are lightweight, have wide faces, and are relatively price efficient. However if precision is needed, mallet-style hammers are better as they are heavier and have faces that are much thinner and smoother than a standard claw hammer. These smoother faces offer more control when hitting the material and don’t damage or tear the fabric when hitting the material.

The hammer used for tufting furniture upholstery often needs to be held together with a taper or dowel pin when attaching material to frames or other substrates. Many hammer makers offer specialised models that come with grooves or a tapered form that connects the hammer to the pin. This helps to make sure that each hammer blow is aligned along the same plane and that the material or foam is held tightly in place.

When tufting, it is important to use the correct size hammer for the size of material used. Too big of a hammer can cause the material to tear, while too small of a hammer won’t provide enough force to securely attach the material to the frame or substrate. Finding the right combination of size and shape of the hammer face is key to successfully tufting furniture.

Others Tools

Various other tools are also essential when it comes to tufting. An important tool that is essential to tufting is the buttonhole cutter. This tool is used to create the tufts and buttons on the fabric. It is an important tool as it helps to create a neat, tidy and professional finish on the tufted fabric.

Another tool that is essential to tufting is a cutter and strap cutter. This tool helps to cut the fabric quickly and easily, making the tufting process much easier. It also helps to ensure a neat and professional finish on the tufted fabric.

The needle threader is a tool that helps to quickly and easily thread the needle for tufting. This tool is especially useful for long and complicated tufting projects as it helps to make the process much quicker and easier.

Punch needles are also a useful tool for tufting. These needles are used to create a looser and more textured look on the tufted fabric. Punch needles also help to create different designs and embellishments on the fabric.

Upholstery brushes are also important tools when it comes to tufting. These brushes help to create an even and smooth finish on the tufted fabric, as well as helping to make the tufts look more professional.

Finally, hammers are also useful when it comes to tufting. They can be used to flatten down tufts and buttons, ensuring a neat and finished look on the tufted fabric. Furthermore, they can also be used to help secure the fabric to the frame.

In conclusion, there are many tools that are necessary when it comes to tufting. The most important ones are the buttonhole cutter, cutters and strap cutters, needle threaders, punch needles, upholstery brushes and hammers. All of these tools are essential for creating a professional and neat finish on the tufted fabric.


Tufting may sound daunting at first, but really it begins with just a few simple supplies and tools. With the help of these simple materials, anyone can create beautiful and intricate pieces of furniture or decorative items that will stand out from the crowd. Tufting is an incredibly versatile craft, with endless possibilities for personalization and customizability.

When it comes to tufting, the key is to be creative with the supplies and tools available. Even basic supplies like thread, needles, and canvas or material can take on a whole new purpose when used to create truly one-of-a-kind pieces. Invest in quality supplies, then be willing to experiment and come up with unique ideas. That’s really the secret to success with tufting.

Tufting is a great way to express your creative side, as well as make something beautiful to be proud of. Sure, a few supplies and tools may be necessary to make tufting materialize, but if used correctly, the rewards you get from tufting will far outweigh the cost of the supplies. So, go out and find some great supplies, and let your creativity take over! With the right materials, you can make anything possible.